Eli S. Glover
Pvt. Co. F 1st Regiment Alabama Artillery
Captured at Ft. Morgan
(Fort Morgan State Historic Site)
Glover joined the 29th Alabama Volunteers August 21, 1863 in Henry County,
Al. and later transferred to Co. F 1st Regiment Alabama Artillery.
captured at Fort Morgan, Alabama on August 23, 1864. He was taken to New
Orleans, La. his records show he was shipped to New York Sept. 27,
1864 on Sept. 27,
Orleans, La., Register No. 4; page 47]
I have not found the
records to show where he was shipped to from New Orleans but do know he
placed onboard a train for Elmira
"Hellmira", NY. He was received at Elmira "Hellmira" on Oct. 8, 1864.
His arrival at Elmira was the day a successful escape was discovered. He
also must have passed many troops being placed on trains to be shipped out
arrived at this death camp when the death's were at it's highest. He
would have been in the thinnest of clothing since he lived and served on the
Gulf coast. The winter was one of the harshest on record for the area.
The men were not furnished clothing, blankets or adequate food even though
these supplies were available and ample money was in the camp treasury to
buy what was needed.
In addition to the
shortage of clothing, severe winter weather, disease such as small pox,
inadequate hospital facilities and medicine, starvation still
devastated the Confederates. Contagious men were not isolated in a
deliberate manner to spread the diseases.
A reduced rations of
June 1, 1864 and the special Order 336 which reduced the daily supply of
beef remained in effect during the following winter resulting in
starvation and severe weight loss. The men were sick and weak, scurvy
continued. The smallpox hospital was nothing more than A tents with three
men to a tent, one stove and a blanket each. The ground was covered
with snow and ice, the A tents only kept the snow and ice from falling on
their faces, they did not keep them warm or protect them from the elements.
7, 1864 Col. Tracy and staff are processing between 1,200 and 1,400
prisoners in exchange for Union prisoners of war. Many prisoners selected
for exchange are so sick they die and others have to be carried to the
1864 Eli S. Glover is received at Elmira, NY
October 8, 1864
Day of escape and death toll reaches 667
October 11, 1864 - 1,264
prisoners sick and wounded slowly travel to the depot, those too sick or
wounded to walk. The journey of over 260 miles at 7 miles per hour for
wounded and sick men that crowded into these box cars had to be
horrible. The train the left Elmira took over 40 hours to reach Baltimore.
Not a single doctor was on board.
October death toll for
barracks No. 3, 276 death toll now reaches 857. Elmira's death toll is
the highest of all the northern camps.
Mid October- Major
Sanger wrote Brig. Gen. John L. Hodsdon requesting a transfer in this letter
he states "I now have charge of 10,000 Rebels a very worthy occupation for a
patriot, particularly adapted to elevate himself in his own estimation, but
I think I have done my duty having relieved 386 of them of all earthly
sorrow in one month.
November death toll 207
December 6, 1864 -
Intensely cold weather, snow and ice covers Hellmira until March 1865.
was a very difficult month for the prisoners. Eli would have know the
extreme weakness, the harsh cold weather and disease that surrounded him. He
would have seen others being selected to be shipped home while he grew
weaker and sicker, suffering from the extreme elements, starving and sick.
Feb. 4, 1865 Col.
Tracy receives orders from the War Department to make ready for the transfer
from Elmira to points south 3,000 prisoners.
Feb. 13, 1864 General
Hoffman orders the sutlers at all northern prison camps be allowed to sell
vegetables to the prisoners of war. This did very little if anything
to solve the problem since most prisoners did not have money to purchase
vegetables. War criminal Gen. Hoffman also ordered the privilege not
be abused. Vegetables to prevent scurvy was considered a privilege.
1865 Eli S. Glover dies in Elmira.
died in Elmira "Hellmira" on Feb. 16, 1865, the report stated he died from
Chronic Bronchitis and his belongings were buried with him. He is
buried at Woodlawn Cemetery at Elmira "Hellmira" grave number 2215, records
at the National Archives indicated that he was in grave number 2220 but the
cemetery said the correct grave site is 2215. The cemetery is now a
National Cemetery. It is written in the log book that Eli
S. Glover died of Chronic Bronchitis, the truth is the prisoners of Elmira "Hellmira"
were starved, poisoned, deprived of proper medical treatment and murdered.
Elmira Story of Dr. G. T. Taylor Captured at
Ft. Morgan with Eli S. Glover